Copyright is everywhere. And so are copyright infringements, particu- larly on the Internet. The reasons why copyright infringements can be found so extensively on the Internet are similar in many countries world- wide and are of a complex nature. A key reason, however, relates to the nature of the Internet itself. Generally speaking, infringers are able to commit their infringing acts anonymously, and investigating the identity of the person or persons responsible is a costly, time-consuming process and is often impossible. The disadvantage of bringing an action against indi- vidual infringers is that each infringement has to be prosecuted individu- ally — a process that is laborious and expensive considering the sheer number of infringements involved. Therefore, it is logical to consider not only taking action against the infringing consumers, but also against the Internet intermediaries used by the consumers, in particular, suppliers of Internet services that provide infringers with the relevant infrastructure and thus make the copyright violations possible in the first place. Legal action against such providers may even have a much greater effect than that against individual perpetrators, as for example the German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH) has already recognized.