INTRODUCTION

In the process of economic and political transition, China has tried to introduce market mechanisms into the information production and dis- semination system while still maintaining state control over this system. In addition to exercising strict censorship, the Party-state also monopolizes ownership of the crucial sectors in this system, such as publishing, broad- casting, and newspapers. Recently, the influence of press control over cop- yright enforcement has drawn more international attention. Some commentators have touched on the influence of censorship and importa- tion restrictions on copyright enforcement in China.2 The U.S. govern- ment also issued two complaints to the WTO against China’s censorship and market access restrictions because of their impacts on copyright en- forcement. However, the influence of state media monopolies on copy- right enforcement has not been fully investigated.